China Issues Tax Guidelines For OBOR Trade
China’s State Administration of Tax (SAT) have issued 59 tax guidelines for Chinese companies wishing to trade along the OBOR routes to cover the main overseas investment destinations of Chinese companies along the overland and maritime routes. The SAT said it will continue to update the guidelines and expand coverage of the series.
The guidelines are aimed to familiarize Chinese investors with policies in investment destinations, prevent taxation risks, and promote healthy development of companies overseas, the SAT said in a statement. The batch of guidelines introduces each local business environment, the main types of taxes, rules of taxation, and applicable bilateral tax agreements between China and the investment destinations.
Official data showed China made US$14.53 billion direct investment in 53 countries along the routes last year, while China’s exports to Belt and Road countries reached 6.3 trillion yuan in 2016. China also signed US$126 billion worth of contracts with the related countries last year.
“This shows how far ahead the Chinese Ministry of Commerce is in promoting outbound investment intelligence to their domestic companies.” says Chris Devonshire-Ellis of Dezan Shira & Associates. They even provide details of Double Tax Treaties entered into by the Chinese government. This level of communication and advise is beyond services provided by trade institutions to commercial businesses in the EU and USA”
China is also taking steps to further trade along the OBOR routes. It already has a significant Free Trade Agreement with ASEAN (for full details please click here) and is negotiating an FTA with the Eurasian Economic Union which will cover large parts of the overland routes with Kazakhstan and Russia. A similar FTA is being discussed between the EAEU and ASEAN. India is also negotiating a FTA with the EAEU which could lead to a better tax and fiscal understanding and agreement between China and India on how to best collaborate.
“China needs India to supply it with cheap consumer goods” says Devonshire-Ellis. “The next step will be Double Tax and Free Trade Agreements between China and the EAEU. When this happens the global supply chain will convulse. There is no FTA between China and the EU or US, meaning they will be left with China cherry-picking the products it wants to buy from them. To survive, Western manufacturers in the business of selling to China will need to base their businesses in China, ASEAN, India, or the EAEU.”
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